The Haarlem economy was inter-twined with the colonies. Literally entwined as Haarlem textile was a key medium of exchange in the slave trade. The Haarlem elite were connected to the trade in slaves and the colonial administration. Governance and economic gain were firm bedfellows entwined in the early modern period. Alongside supervising the slave trade at the Elmina Fort in the modern-day Ghana, Haarlem governor Ruyghaver also ran his own lemon juice company. Locals invested their fortunes in shares of business acquaintances trading in slavery and were themselves plantation owners. With the abolition of slavery in 1863, 21 Haarlem owners of (shares in) plantations received ‘compensation’ from the Ministry of Finance for ‘property loss’ – 300 guilders per slave. Both emancipated slaves and abolitionists lived in Haarlem.
A city tour has been presented by four partners: Bureau DiscriminationAffairs Kennemerland, the Noord-Hollands Archive, Bureau Cultuursporen and Intercultural Museum Heritage Projects (IMHP) including several other events.
Country estates near Haarlem bear testimony to the presence of Amsterdam regents and merchants who were also engaged in slave trading and colonial slavery.
Curious about slavery heritage in different regions of the Netherlands? Take a look at our other maps.
Dineke Stam is an historian and exhibition designer. In 2010, 2012 and 2013 she desigined exhibitions on slavery for NiNsee, the Municipal Museum Tilburg and the Noord-Holland Archive. She worked for the Anne Frank House and for the Netherlands Museum Association as a project manager Intercultural Programmes Heritage. Since 2005 she is active as a self-employed researcher, designer and consultant in the cultural and heritage sectors.
Onder de naam Cultuursporen ontwikkelt Ineke Mok projecten over onder andere erfgoed, beeldvorming, de Holocaust en seksuele diversiteit. Naast het doen van zelfstandig onderzoek of op uitnodiging, schrijft Ineke lesmateriaal, verzorgt ze lezingen en leidt ze workshops. Ze heeft de Haarlemse slavernij wandeltocht gemaakt en is betrokken bij Mapping Slavery’s educatie project: Apping Slavery.