Groningen – cycling tours
The Golden Age had a seamier side in the shapes of slave trade and slavery. That was also true for the city of Groningen, that established its own chamber of the West-Indische Compagnie with a ship yard at the Noorderhaven [North Harbor]. From here ships sailed to the coasts of Africa to buy enslaved Africans, ship them across the Atlantic and return with colonial wares.
Prominent citizens of Groningen invested in this lucrative trade and in plantations in Suriname and the Antilles. After the abolishment of slavery in 1863 not the enslaved but their owners were compensated financially for their loss of ‘property’.
This equally dramatic and profitable era did not remain limited to the Dutch overseas terrritories; it can be traced in Dutch society to the present day. Traces of the colonial past and of the slavery that accompanied it are linked to the locations you can find walking the city or taking one of the four bike tours in the province. In that respect you will be drawn into an as yet unfamiliar historical past. Afterwards you will never again experience Groningen and its surroundings areas in the same way.
On several maps the heritage from this ‘Golden Age’ is shown for the province. Apart from the four regional cycling tours shown in the maps below, there is also a substantial walking tour in the city of Groningen itself.
Margriet Fokken is als promovenda verbonden aan de sectie Moderne Geschiedenis van de RuG. Haar promotieonderzoek gaat over identiteit en gemeenschapsvorming onder Hindostanen in Suriname tussen 1873 en 1921.
Barbara Henkes is a staff member at the Department of Modern History of the University of Groningen. Her research focuses on how forms of violent exclusion and repression in the past continue to exist in present-day society.